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Xi’an Museum
Author:Supper    publish:2018-8-28 13:53:04    view:5634

    Xi’an was referred to as Chang’an in ancient times, having been the capital for 13 dynasties including Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang etc. for more than 1000 years in history of China and the city as capital of the largest number of dynasties for longest duration in ancient China. Xi’an is also the origin of “Silk Road” in ancient time and the first international metropolis in history of China. 

    Xi’an Museum highlighting history and culture of Xi’an is located in middle section of Zhuque Street in the south of Xi’an, covering an area of 245mu (a unit of area) and composed of three parts including museum, site of Jianfu Temple in Tang Dynasty and Historical and Cultural Park of Small Wild Goose Pagoda, with museum, tower, temple and park enhancing each other’s beauty and bringing out the best in each other, being distinctive among museums in China and the rare national grade I museum integrating world cultural heritage, historical and cultural relics under state protection, ancient architectural complex and modern exhibition hall.  

    Xi’an Museum contains more than 110,000 pieces of cultural relics, including bronze wares, jade wares, gold and silver wares, porcelains, stone sculptures, inscription on tablet, seals, earthenwares, three-color glazed wares, painting and calligraphy, sutra, rubbings, ancient and rare books, miscellaneous wares, including 10441 pieces of valuable cultural relics at no lower than grade III. The museum has collected more than 100,000 volumes of ancient books, with 37 volumes of books having been selected into Catalogue of National Rare Books in China and the collections complete in sequence and category to create a system of their own. The exhibition hall of Xi’an Museum designed under the direction of Master Zhang Jinqiu as an academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering has a built-up area of more than 16000sqm and a show area of more than 5500sqm, having more than 2000 pieces of cultural relics on display, the exhibition hall has had a display pattern with focus on fundamental display of Xi’an as an ancient capital, together with special display of compassion and fascination—Chang’an Buddhist Statues Art and spirit of the universe—Selected Ancient Jade wares and various temporary exhibitions as expansion and extension thereof having shown historical features of Xi’an as a capital and cradle of Chinese civilization in various fields including politics, economy and culture etc. since Zhou Dynasty, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty and Tang Dynasty. Exhibition of Small Wild Goose Pagoda-Jianfu Temple History on central axis of Small Wild Goose Pagoda Scenery Spot shows value of Small Wild Goose Pagoda in heritage as well as historical fact and experience in exchange and innovation between orient and west in terms of culture along Silk Road in those days.     

    Jianfu Temple as royal temple in Tang Dynasty dates back to first year (684) in Wenming Reign of Emperor Ruizong of Tang Dynasty, having been one of the three major sites for translation of Buddhist scriptures in Chang’an (ancient name of Xi’an). A dignitary named Yijing in Tang Dynasty came back from pilgrimage for Buddhist scriptures in India along Maritime Silk Road and stayed in Jianfu Temple in 706, with 108 volumes of 32 Buddhist texts including scriptures, disciplines and theories on Buddhism translated. Small Wild Goose Pagoda as world cultural heritage was built in Jinglong Reign (707-710) of Emperor Zhongzong of Tang Dynasty with the purpose of reception and storage in Buddhist scriptures brought by dignitary Yijing, having a history of more than 1300 years and with 15 stories built-up originally but 13 stories preserved by now, at a height of 43.4m, enjoying beautiful shape, being one of landmark buildings as a result of introduction Buddhism to Central Plain and integration thereof into Han culture and considered as a classical Miyan Pagoda and listed into Directory of World Cultural Heritages in 2014, Morning Bell Chimes tolled every day in the temple have been honored as one of Eight Great Sights of Chang’an.       

    Small Wild Goose Pagoda in scenic spot is cloud kissing, with ancient trees reaching to the sky, green grass and zigzag lake therein, time-honored ancient music in Chang’an to underline the excellent location with lingering melodious rhythm, folk cultural relics that could be found everwhere in those days such as hitching posts and various folklore art exhibition open a window for tourists to understand Chinese traditional culture. Well-arranged and delightful park and garden around water enable tourists to enjoy cultivation of temperament in tranquil and relaxed environment in downtown area.    

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